What is modeling?


Modeling occurs when a communication partner uses language or speech relevant to the conversation in a natural environment. There are three types of modeling strategies that can be used to expand language and communication including self-talk, parallel talk, and expansion.



Self-talk occurs when the communication partner (e.g. parent, sibling, guardian, family member) describes what they are doing aloud for the child to hear. 


Ex: “Dad is cutting an apple” “ the apple is green” “I’m dunking the apples” “yummy” 



Parallel talk occurs when the communication partner describes what the child is doing aloud. 


Ex: “you are pushing the blue play-doh” “cut the play-doh” “squeeze” “oh no the play-doh is green” “roll the play-doh” 



Expansion is used to expand the length and complexity of the child’s utterances. When using this modeling strategy, the communication partner adds on to what the child is saying to include more descriptive or complex vocabulary. When expanding a phrase it is best to incorporate only one to two words more than what the child is currently using. 



Child: kick ball

Adult: kick the yellow ball


Child: pop bubble

Adult: pop the big bubble 






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